Cannabis Terms Defined and Explained: A Glossary

Cannabis Terms Defined and Explained: A Glossary
Cannabis Terms Defined and Explained: A Glossary

Defining and Explaining Popular Cannabis Terms

There’s a wealth of cannabis and CBD and related products on the market right now and with it a host of cannabis terms. There’s a lot of terminology being bandied about that probably sounds like gibberish.

We thought we’d define and explain some of the more confusing cannabis terms you’ve been hearing with a list of helpful definitions in one cannabis glossary right here. Read on for cannabis terms defined and explained in this glossary.

Endocannabinoid System:

The human biological system that interacts with chemical compounds, such as THC.

Our endocannabinoid system (ECS) also plays a pivotal role in regulating crucial functions in human biology (i.e., homeostasis).

Throughout the ECS, there are endocannabinoids, which are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors. Then, cannabinoid receptor proteins are dispersed throughout the central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system.

Cannabinoid:

The term used to classify any compound comprised of cannabinol or any other traces of cannabis. 

Cannabinoids are the active chemicals in medical marijuana. They resemble biological compounds that play a role in appetite, memory, movement, and pain.

Lastly, cannabinoids might neutralize anxiety, inflammation, and pain.

 

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC):

The chemical that triggers marijuana’s psychoactive effects.

THC makes it seem as though cannabinoid chemicals are naturally produced in the body. It does so by attaching to and then activating cannabinoid receptors in the body. This reaction affects a user’s memory, pleasure, movements, thinking, concentration, etc.

At most, there are only trace amounts of THC in CBD-based products.

Terpenes:

Are known mainly for strong odors that shield plants from herbivores looking for their next meal.

On top of that, terpenes attract predators and parasites that attack herbivores.

These are an enormously diverse class of organic compounds produced by a multitude of plants—including the cannabis plant. There are 100-plus separate cannabis-specific terpenes. Each strain generally produces its own unique terpene-type.

Cannabidiol (CBD):

Derived from hemp and isolated from the flower of the pan.

Therefore, CBD is non-psychoactive—in other words, it won’t get users high because it doesn’t contain THC.

There’s plenty of anecdotal proof suggesting that ingesting CBD-based products such as oils or drinks has a litany of health benefits. Many experts believe CBD can effectively treat inflammation, anxiety, poor gut health, and insomnia, etc.

Full-Spectrum CBD:

The consensus most medically effective kind of CBD.

It’s worth noting that full-spectrum CBD is derived from cannabis plants. These plants possess THC.

Full-spectrum CBD is also brimming with components found in hemp such as terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids. Individually, these various kinds of plant matter possess tremendous therapeutic value and contribute to the entourage effect (discussed below).

It’s believed that full-spectrum CBD is far more potent and impactful at treating symptoms than CBD isolates (discussed below).

Although full-spectrum CBD won’t alter a user’s mind-state, it contains trace amounts of THC. This can lead to issues if someone is subject to drug tests at their job.

CBD Isolate:

Almost completely pure CBD (about 99.9%).

As the name “isolate” suggests, the CBD is removed from everything else in the plant matter (e.g., terpenes, waxes, oils, THC).

There are some doubts about the potency of CBD isolates. Mainly due to their lack of harnessing any healing powers from the plant matter.

Broad-Spectrum CBD:

Possesses many of the qualities of both CBD isolates and full-spectrum CBD.

While broad-spectrum CBD offers all the health benefits of the full-spectrum variant, users don’t have to worry about trace amounts of THC being found in their system.

Entourage Effect:

The harmonious interaction between flavonoids, fatty acids, terpenes, and cannabinoids found in cannabis.

The entourage effect is what accounts for most of the medicinal benefits in cannabis-related and CBD products.

Since the entourage effect requires the ingesting of multiple components of the cannabis plant together, it can only be experienced through broad-or-full-spectrum CBD, which our tea is, of course!

Decarboxylation:

One of the primary causes of the psychoactive effects experienced in THC-based cannabis products.

Decarboxylation is mainly used as the first step in cooking with cannabis, necessitating the use of low heat for an extended period. This method converts THCA (non-psychoactive) into THC (psychoactive).

Extraction:

The process of concentrating a cannabis plant’s most potent elements.

Extraction removes oils found in a plants’ trichomes. It produces some of the most potent cannabinoid-based products on the market and is commonly utilized in making edibles, candies, and infused beverages.

Trichomes:

These are minuscule, mushroom-shaped, and responsible for producing cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids.

Trichomes protect against plant predators because of their bitter taste and intense aromas. They also fend off environmental factors, such as strong winds and UV rays.

Distillate:

First, cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are pulled from the cannabis plant matter together through various extraction processes to produce concentrates.

From there, these compounds are distilled into their purest form because they require further refinement. Known as “short path distillation,” this process produces single compound oils (the distillate) of nearly 100% purity.   

Hemp Flower:

A strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species with low concentrations of THC and high levels of CBD. Can find it in our really amazing tea :).

As such, there are no psychoactive effects in the hemp flower, and it’s used mainly in an industrial capacity.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA):

Contains a multitude of unique healing properties.

THCA isn’t psychoactive, and it’s medically beneficial and is the acid form of THC—located in the raw cannabis plant.